Category Archives: Civil Society

CER RESPONSE TO MINISTER’S STATEMENT IN RELATION TO THE PROPOSED THABAMETSI & KHANYISA IPP COAL-FIRED POWER ST ATIONS

· The Life After Coal Campaign and Greenpeace Africa’s letter to Minister Radebe regarding the proosed Thabametsi and Khanyisa IPP coal-fired power stations (22 March 2018)

Available here: https://cer.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/LAC-and-GP-letter-to-Minister-Radebe-on-IPPs-22-3-18_signed.docx.pdf

· Annexure A: Greenpeace Africa’s letter of 7 March 2018

Available here: https://cer.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Letter-to-Minister-Radebe_March-2018.pdf

 

Comments on the Draft Carbon Tax Bill

Date: 8 March 2018 at 19:08

Subject: Comments of the draft carbon tax bill
To: carbontaxbillcomments, tsepanya, awicomb
Cc: Sharlin.hemraj, memory.machimgambi

Dear Sir/Madam,

Please find attached comments on the the draft carbon tax bill from members of the Energy Governance South Africa (EGSA) network.

EGSA is a network of over 60 organisations and individuals promoting good governance in the energy sector.

Please could you confirm receipt of this email and when our document has been received by the relevant people.

Furthermore we would like to request an opportunity to present at the Public Hearing on the 14th March in Parliament.

Kind Regards

Richard Halsey, on behalf of EGSA

EGSA Comments on Draft CarbonTax Bill 8 Mar 2018.pdf

New ‘power-to-X’ prospects may arise as renewables costs continue to fall

Engineering News, 15 January, 2018.

The outlook for solar and wind electricity costs to 2020 “presages historically low costs for new renewable electricity”, which could create new economic and industrialopportunities, a new International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena) report argues.

Released in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, this weekend, the report states that, by 2020, all existing renewable generation technologies will fall within the fossil fuel-fired cost range, with most, notably onshore wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies, at the lower end, or undercutting fossil fuels.

The global weighted average costs over the last 12 months for onshore wind and solar PV were $0.06/kWh (ZAR 0.756/kWh) and $0.10/kWh (ZAR 0.13/kWh)  respectively, with onshore wind routinely commissioned for $0.04/kWh (ZAR 0.50/kWh). The current cost spectrum for fossil fuel power generation, by contrast, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.17/kWh (ZAR 0.63 – 2.12/kWh).

(Ed. note: South Africa’s Bid Window 4 rates are: solar PV ZAR 0.62/kWh and wind ZAR0.79/kWh. See http://www.gsb.uct.ac.za/files/EberhardNaude_REIPPPPReview_2017_1_1.pdf)

“Based on the latest auction and project-level cost data, global average costs could decline to about $0.05/kWh (ZAR 0.63/kWh) for onshore wind and $0.06/kWh (ZAR 0.76/kWh) for solar PV,” the ‘Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2017’ report states.

100% Renewable Energy Worldwide Isn’t Just Possible, It’s More Cost-Effective Than the Existing System

Alternet, 21 December, 2018.

New study finds renewable energy can meet global electricity demand by 2050 while reducing total cost.

(Ed. Note: The research was co-funded by the German Federal Environmental Foundation and the Stiftung Mercator, so it is reliable and credible.)

Transitioning the world to 100 percent renewable electricity isn’t just some environmentalist pipe dream—it’s “feasible at every hour throughout the year” and is more cost-effective than the current system, which largely relies on fossil fuels and nuclear energy, a new study claims.

The research, compiled by Finland’s Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) and the Berlin-based nonprofit Energy Watch Group (EWG), was presented Wednesday at the Global Renewable Energy Solutions Showcase, a stand-alone event coinciding with the COP 23 climate talks in Bonn, Germany.

The authors say that the existing renewable energy potential and technologies coupled with storage can generate enough energy to meet the global electricity demand by 2050.

The researchers estimate that the switch will bring the total levelized cost of electricity on a global average down to €52 ($61) per megawatt-hour (including curtailment, storage and some grid costs) compared to €70 (82) megawatt-hour in 2015.

“A full decarbonization of the electricity system by 2050 is possible for lower system cost than today based on available technology,” said Christian Breyer, the lead author of the study.

“Energy transition is no longer a question of technical feasibility or economic viability, but of political will,” added Breyer, who is also a professor of Solar Economy at LUT and serves as chairman of EWG’s Scientific Board.

According to the study, solar power and battery storage are critical parts of the transition. Falling prices will also lead to widespread adoption of the technologies. The researchers predict that the globe’s electricity mix by 2050 will consist of solar photovoltaics (69 percent), wind energy (18 percent), hydropower (8 percent) and bioenergy (2 percent).

By following this path, greenhouse gas emissions in the electricity sector will come down to zero and drastically reduce total losses in power generation, the study found. Not only that, the renewable energy transition would create 36 million jobs by 2050, 17 million more than today.

“There is no reason to invest one more dollar in fossil or nuclear power production,” EWG president Hans-Josef Fell said. “Renewable energy provides cost-effective power supply. All plans for a further expansion of coal, nuclear, gas and oil have to be ceased. More investments need to be channeled in renewable energies and the necessary infrastructure for storage and grids. Everything else will lead to unnecessary costs and increasing global warming.”

This is the not the first time researchers have suggested that the planet’s road to 100 percent renewables is possible. Earlier this year, Stanford University professor Mark Jacobson and 26 co-authors published a study and created clean energy roadmaps for 139 individual countries. The chosen countries emit more than 99 percent of all carbon dioxide worldwide.

Here are the key findings of the current study:

  • Existing renewable energy potential and technologies, including storage can generate sufficient and secure power to cover the entire global electricity demand by 2050. The world population is expected to grow from 7.3 to 9.7 billion. The global electricity demand for the power sector is set to increase from 24,310 TWh in 2015 to around 48,800 TWh by 2050.
  • Total levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) on a global average for 100% renewable electricity in 2050 is €52/MWh (including curtailment, storage and some grid costs), compared to €70/MWh in 2015.
  • Due to rapidly falling costs, solar PV and battery storage increasingly drive most of the electricity system, with solar PV reaching some 69%, wind energy 18%, hydropower 8% and bioenergy 2% of the total electricity mix in 2050 globally.
  • Wind energy increases to 32% by 2030. Beyond 2030 solar PV becomes more competitive. The solar PV supply share increases from 37% in 2030 to about 69% in 2050.
  • Batteries are the key supporting technology for solar PV. The storage output covers 31% of the total demand in 2050, 95% of which is covered by batteries alone. Battery storage provides mainly diurnal storage, and renewable energy based gas provides seasonal storage.
  • Global greenhouse gas emissions significantly reduce from about 11 GtCO2eq in 2015 to zero emissions by 2050 or earlier, as the total LCOE of the power system
  • The global energy transition to a 100% renewable electricity system creates 36 million jobs by 2050 in comparison to 19 million jobs in the 2015 electricity system.
  • The total losses in a 100% renewable electricity system are around 26% of the total electricity demand, compared to the current system in which about 58% of the primary energy input is lost.

The research was co-funded by the German Federal Environmental Foundation and the Stiftung Mercator.

Auctions are having dramatic effects on renewable energy prices

IRENA, January, 2018.

At least 67 countries had used auctions for renewable energy contracts by mid-2016, up from less than 10 in 2005. This auctions report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) provides key updates on this crucial mechanism for price discovery and market development.

Average contract prices fell to USD 50 per megawatt-hour (MWh) for solar and USD 40/MWh for wind power in 2016, compared to USD 250/MWh and USD 80/MWh, respectively, in 2010. Chile, Mexico, Morocco, Peru and the United Arab Emirates achieved record price lows with solar and wind auctions in 2016. Along with falling technology costs, policy support and improved access to finance have helped drive accelerating renewable energy development.

Chapter 1 gives the highlights of renewable energy auctions held or announced in 2016.

Chapter 2 reviews the main trends and analyses the evolution of prices resulting from auctions.

Price determinants, analysed in Chapter 3, include:

  • access to finance and country-specific conditions;
  • investor confidence and a conducive environment;
  • other policies aimed at supporting renewable energy development; and
  • auction design elements.

Chapter 4 presents country case studies to show how the design of each auction has to be tailored to a specific context and objectives.

Chapter 5 analyses the use of auctions to promote less mature technologies, such as offshore wind and biomass, while also delivering socio-economic benefits.

Finally, Chapter 6 outlines key considerations in renewable energy auction design, including trade-offs between maximum cost-effectiveness and other objectives.

The report follows IRENA’s earlier studies:

Here is the full report: IRENA_Renewable_Energy_Auctions_2017